The James Webb Space Telescope captures sharp images of Neptune and its rings

So far, the James Webb Space Telescope has given us some insanely detailed images of great distances into space, providing us with an insight into the early days of the universe. But now her well-tuned lenses have shifted to look a little closer to us, and the results are absolutely stunning. These are the infrared images that the James Webb Telescope has now taken of Mars, giving us a look at the red planet in yellow and purple. So, for the layman, what exactly are we looking at here? *** A lot of the infrared information captured from the planet is *** due to the heat radiation from it. So, it’s mostly info, but you may notice *** a darker orange area near the bottom of the image. This is the Hellas Basin, which is not only one of the largest impact craters caused by a massive *** impact on the MArs, it is also one of the largest impact craters in the entire Solar System. So what does color tell us? The darker section reveals that Mars’ atmosphere, which consists mostly of carbon dioxide, is thicker around the crater. And the researchers say that this single picture allowed us to predict the presence of not only carbon dioxide, but also carbon monoxide and water in the woman’s atmosphere.

The James Webb Space Telescope captures sharp images of Neptune and its rings

Video above: The James Webb Space Telescope captures unexpected images of Mars New images released Wednesday from NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope reveal Neptune and the planet’s hard-to-detect rings in new light. “It’s been three decades since the last time. We’ve seen these faint, dusty rings, and this is the first time we’ve seen them in infrared,” said Heidi Hummel, a Neptune expert and interdisciplinary scientist with the Webb Project, in a press release. Webb The faint dust bands of Neptune.Some rings have not been observed since NASA’s Voyager 2 obtained the first photographic evidence of Neptune’s rings in flight in 1989. Dark, cold, and battered by supersonic winds, Neptune is the farthest planet in our solar system. The planet and its neighbor Uranus are called “ice giants” because their interior is made up of elements heavier than the gas giants Jupiter and Saturn, which are richer in hydrogen and helium.In the new images, Neptune appears white, unlike the typical blue appearance it has in the views captured. At visible wavelengths of light.This is because methane, which is part of the planet’s chemical makeup, does not appear blue on the Webb’s near-infrared camera (NIRCam), and methane ice clouds, which are bright streaks and spots that reflect light from the sun, also appear in the images. sun before it happens. It is absorbed by methane. It is also possible to spot a thin, bright line orbiting the planet’s equator, which could be a “visual signature of the global atmospheric cycle that fuels Neptune’s winds and storms,” ​​according to the release. Webb also captured seven of Neptune’s 14 known moons, including its largest, Triton, which moves around the planet in an unusual back orbit. Astronomers think Triton may have been an object in the Kuiper Belt – a region of icy bodies at the edge of the Solar System – that fell into Neptune’s gravitational grasp. Scientists plan to use Webb to further study Triton and Neptune in the coming years, as Neptune is 30 times farther from the Sun than Earth, and Neptune moves through its heliocentric orbit in the far dark region of the outer solar system. At that distance, the Sun is so small and faint that Neptune’s noontime resembles the faint twilight on Earth, according to the news release. Agency: Compared to other telescopes, the space observatory’s huge mirror can see fainter galaxies far away and has the potential to enhance scientists’ understanding of the origins of the universe. However, it also uses its still and accurate image quality to illuminate our solar system, with images of Mars, Jupiter and now Neptune.

Video above: The James Webb Space Telescope captures unexpected images of Mars

New images released Wednesday from NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope reveal Neptune and the planet’s hard-to-detect rings in new light.

“It’s been three decades since we last saw these faint, dusty rings, and this is the first time we’ve seen them in infrared,” Heidi Hamill, a Neptune expert and interdisciplinary scientist with the Webb Project, said in a news release. Release.

In addition to the many narrow, brittle rings, Neptune’s web images show faint dust bands. Some rings have not been observed since NASA’s Voyager 2 obtained the first photographic evidence of Neptune’s rings during their flybys in 1989.

Dark, cold and battered by supersonic winds, Neptune is the farthest planet in our solar system. The planet and its neighbor Uranus are known as “ice giants” because their interior is made up of elements heavier than the gas giants Jupiter and Saturn, which are richer in hydrogen and helium.

The Web's Near Infrared Camera (NIRCam) images objects in the near-infrared range from 0.6 to 5 microns, so Neptune does not appear in Webb's blue.  In fact, methane absorbs red and infrared light so strongly that the planet is completely dark at these near-infrared wavelengths, except for places where there are high-altitude clouds.  Icy methane clouds appear as bright streaks and spots that reflect sunlight before it is absorbed by the methane gas.

NASA/ESA/CSA/STScI

The near-infrared webcam images objects in the near-infrared range of 0.6 to 5 microns, so Neptune does not appear in Webb’s blue.

In the new images, Neptune appears white, in contrast to the typical blue appearance it has in views captured at visible light wavelengths. That’s because methane, part of the planet’s chemical makeup, doesn’t show up in the blue of the NIRCam webcam.

Also visible in the images are methane ice clouds – bright streaks and spots that reflect sunlight before being absorbed by the methane gas. It is also possible to spot a thin, bright line orbiting the planet’s equator, which could be a “visual signature of the global atmospheric cycle that fuels Neptune’s winds and storms,” ​​according to the release.

Webb also captured seven of Neptune’s 14 known moons, including its largest, Triton, which moves around the planet in an unusual back orbit. Astronomers think Triton may have been an object in the Kuiper Belt – a region of icy bodies at the edge of the Solar System – that fell into Neptune’s gravitational grasp. The scientists plan to use Webb to continue studying Triton and Neptune in the coming years.

Neptune is located 30 times farther from the Sun than Earth, and moves through its heliocentric orbit in the far dark region of the outer solar system. The press release said that the sun at that distance is so small and faint that Neptune’s appearance resembles a dark twilight on Earth.

Webb is a 10-year mission operated by NASA, the European Space Agency, and the Canadian Space Agency.

Compared to other telescopes, the Space Observatory’s massive mirror can see fainter galaxies far away and has the potential to enhance scientists’ understanding of the origins of the universe. However, it also uses its still and accurate image quality to illuminate our solar system, with images of Mars, Jupiter and now Neptune.

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