Researchers from the University of Texas at Houston say maintaining a good diet and exercising regularly may even offset any genetic risk

The SEVEN healthy habits that can halve your risk of having a stroke

According to one study, sticking to seven healthy habits could nearly halve the risk of suffering a stroke.

Researchers at the University of Texas at Houston say that maintaining a good diet and exercising regularly may even offset any genetic risk.

Other key steps include not smoking and losing weight.

Experts followed 11,500 middle-aged adults in the United States for nearly 30 years, observing the impact of their lifestyle on their risk of stroke.

Researchers from the University of Texas at Houston say maintaining a good diet and exercising regularly may even offset any genetic risk

Leading a healthy lifestyle could offset up to 43% of the high genetic risk of having a stroke, according to a study from the University of Texas.  The graph shows: The risk of having a stroke at a given point in people's lives over time for people following the seven habits (dark green), some of them (light green) or some- one of them (grey)

Leading a healthy lifestyle could offset up to 43% of the high genetic risk of having a stroke, according to a study from the University of Texas. The graph shows: The risk of having a stroke at a given point in people’s lives over time for people following the seven habits (dark green), some of them (light green) or some- one of them (grey)

The habits, devised by the American Heart Association, are dubbed “Life’s Simple 7”.

Although there are seven listed, only four are modifiable factors.

The other three—maintaining normal blood pressure, controlling cholesterol, and lowering blood sugar—are ripple effects of the stay.

Strokes affect more than 100,000 Britons each year, claiming 38,000 lives, making it the fourth leading cause of death in the UK and one of the leading causes of disability.

Nearly 800,000 people in the United States are slaughtered each year, of whom 137,000 die.

Age, high blood pressure, smoking, obesity, physical inactivity and diabetes are all known to increase the risk of stroke.

Another risk factor is a family history of the disease, when a vessel becomes blocked or bursts – cutting off blood supply to parts of the brain.

What are “Life’s Simple 7 Habits” that can reduce your risk of stroke?

  1. Maintain a good diet
  2. Exercise regularly
  3. NO SMOKING
  4. Losing weight
  5. Maintain normal blood pressure
  6. Control cholesterol
  7. Reduce blood sugar

The study, published in the Journal of the American Heart Association, followed 11,568 adults aged 45 to 64 for an average of 28 years.

All participants received a ‘polygenic stroke risk score’ – based on blood tests that identified telltale mutations linked to fatal events.

This assessed the likelihood that they had suffered a stroke in their lifetime, based on their DNA.

Their medical records were also checked to see how well they followed the seven lifestyle habits.

Hypocholesterolemia was scored based on how much and how much of lipid-lowering drugs – like statins – they were taking.

Blood pressure was also measured by the medications people were taking, while blood sugar levels were assessed by whether or not they were being treated for diabetes.

Smoking status was recorded, BMI showed body weight, diet was guessed with fruit and vegetable consumption, and physical activity was measured in minutes per week.

Participants with the highest genetic risk and the worst heart health had the highest risk of suffering a stroke, at around 25%.

But for those who had practiced Life’s Simple 7, it dropped by 30-43%, according to the analysis.

Following the practices also added nearly six more years of stroke-free life.

Overall, the healthiest group had the fewest stroke cases (6%), while the highest number were among those who followed the habits the least (57%).

The findings offer hope for a screening program, according to lead author Professor Myriam Fornage, a geneticist at the University of Texas at Houston.

She said: “Our study confirmed that modifying lifestyle risk factors, such as blood pressure control, can offset a genetic risk for stroke.

“We can use genetic information to determine who is most at risk and encourage them to adopt a healthy cardiovascular lifestyle, such as following the AHA’s Life’s Simple 7, to reduce that risk and live a longer, healthier life. better health.”

THE CAUSES OF STROKE

There are two main types of stroke:

1. ISCHEMIC STROKE

An ischemic stroke – which accounts for 80% of strokes – occurs when there is a blockage in a blood vessel that prevents blood from reaching part of the brain.

2. HEMORRHAGIC STROKE

The rarest, a hemorrhagic stroke, occurs when a blood vessel bursts, flooding part of the brain with too much blood while depriving other areas of adequate blood supply.

It can be the result of an AVM or an arteriovenous malformation (an abnormal group of blood vessels) in the brain.

Thirty percent of people with subarachnoid hemorrhage die before they reach hospital. Another 25% die within 24 hours. And 40% of survivors die within a week.

RISK FACTORS

Age, high blood pressure, smoking, obesity, physical inactivity, diabetes, atrial fibrillation, family history and history of stroke or TIA (a mini-stroke) are all risk factors. stroke risk.

SYMPTOMS OF A STROKE

  • Sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm, or leg, especially on one side of the body
  • Sudden confusion, difficulty speaking or understanding
  • Sudden difficulty seeing or blurred vision in one or both eyes
  • Sudden difficulty walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination
  • Severe, sudden headaches with no known cause

RESULTS

Of the approximately three out of four people who survive a stroke, many will have lifelong disabilities.

This includes difficulty walking, communicating, eating, and daily tasks or chores.

TREATMENT

Both are life-threatening, and patients need surgery or a drug called tPA (tissue plasminogen activator) within three hours to save them.

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